Wednesday, August 16th, 2017

A new RTTV (roof thermal transfer value) calculation method for cool roofs

Publication date: Available online 11 January 2015
Author(s): Kishor T. Zingre , Man Pun Wan , Xingguo Yang
Methods to estimate RTTV (roof thermal transfer value, or equivalent) currently adopted by numerous South East Asian countries have different inherent limitations in accurately evaluating the thermal performance of cool roofs. These existing methods either use a fixed value to represent the solar reflectance effect or assume a linear correlation between annual-averaged conduction heat gain and solar absorptance, which are shown to be inaccurate. In this paper a new RTTV model is proposed with new formulation for modelling the equivalent thermal resistance increment due to the solar reflectance effect on opaque roofs using the previously developed CRHT (Cool Roof Heat Transfer) model. The new formulation is incorporated into the U-value estimation of the heat conduction gain component. The new RTTV model is validated against computational simulations and experiments on an air-conditioned test building with flat concrete roof in Singapore. The Current RTTV model adopted in Singapore gives large error in RTTV estimation for the test building at high-reflectance (over-estimates by 20 times at reflectance = 0.90) whereas the new RTTV model gives much more accurate estimations (maximum error within 12%). The proposed method for new RTTV model formulation is also applicable to other similar models, and is not limited by climate conditions.

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