Thursday, October 19th, 2017

Comparative study of photovoltaic and thermal solar systems with different storage capacities: Performance evaluation and economic analysis

Publication date: Available online 5 October 2013
Author(s): Sujala Bhattarai , Gopi Krishna Kafle , Seung-Hee Euh , Jae-Heun Oh , Dae Hyun Kim
The thermal performance of the PV/T (photovoltaic thermal) system and conventional collector is affected by water storage capacity. There are limited studies which show the effects of the storage capacity on the performance of different solar systems. This paper measures and analyzes the performance of a photovoltaic thermal system, conventional collector, and PV (photovoltaic) plate at different water storage capacities (25, 50, 75, 100, and 125 kg/m²). The cost payback period of the solar systems was calculated with the electricity price of South Korea (0.049 US$/kWh) and for the country with the highest electricity price of 0.364 US$/kWh (Australia). The thermal efficiency of the PV/T system and conventional collector increased sharply with increasing storage capacity. The cost payback period of the PV/T system and conventional collector reduced considerably with increasing storage capacity. Similarly, the cost payback period of PV/T system and PV plate reduced remarkably when electricity price increased from 0.049 to 0.364 US$/kWh. The selection of the proper storage capacity could play a vital role for the performance enhancement and cost reduction in the PV/T system and the conventional collector.

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