Thursday, August 24th, 2017

Drop-in analysis of an internal heat exchanger in a vapour compression system using R1234ze(E) and R450A as alternatives for R134a

Publication date: Available online 22 July 2015
Author(s): Adrián Mota-Babiloni, Joaquín Navarro-Esbrí, Ángel Barragán-Cervera, Francisco Molés, Bernardo Peris
The IHX (internal heat exchanger) is introduced in some refrigeration systems in order to achieve higher energy performances. Results obtained vary greatly depending on the refrigerant used and working conditions. This paper describes a drop-in analysis of IHX effects on the performance of a vapour compression system using R1234ze(E) and R450A (R134a/R1234ze(E) commercial mixture) as R134a low-GWP replacements. The tests were carried out in a completely monitored vapour compression system varying the condensing and evaporating temperature, with and without a counter-current flow tube-in-tube IHX. Because the cooling capacity rises and the power consumption remains similar, the conclusion is that the IHX has a positive influence on the energy efficiency for all refrigerants tested. The COP (coefficient of performance) gain using R1234ze(E) is the highest observed (overcomes the R134a COP for the same conditions). The R1234ze(E) and R450A discharge temperature increments are lower than those of R134a so does not reach dangerous values and the IHX pressure drops are also below than that of R134a.

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