Sunday, August 20th, 2017

Influence of direct reduced iron on the energy balance of the electric arc furnace in steel industry

Publication year: 2011brbSource:/b Energy, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 27 August 2011brMarcus, Kirschen , Karim, Badr , Herbert, PfeiferbrA model of the EAF energy efficiency was developed based on a closed mass and energy balance of the EAF melting process. This model was applied to industrial EAFs in steel industry charged with scrap or with mixes of scrap and DRI. Complex mass and energy conversion in the EAF was simplified with the introduction of mass and energy conversion efficiencies for the conversion of oxygen and the energy conversion of electrical energy in the electric arcs, chemical energy from the oxidation reactions in the melt and energy from the combustion of burner gas. It turned out that close agreement…br Highlights: ► Energy demand and carbon dioxide emission figures of EAF steelmaking processes based on steel scrap and DRI. ► Complete energy balance of the EAF process using various input materials. ► Application of the model to industrial EAF in steel industry in 4 case studies and discussion of model results. ► Comparison with other models, critical discussion.

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