Tuesday, August 21st, 2018

Optimum design of district heating: Application of a novel methodology for improved design of community scale integrated energy systems

Publication year: 2012brbSource:/b Energy, Available online 26 January 2012brSayyed Mohammad Sanaei, Toshihiko NakatabrThe purpose of this paper is to present a new tool for design of integrated energy systems. The initial choice of the energy system components and the way they should interact is a crucial decision which the outcome of the design heavily relies on. Use of a physical law (instead of engineering judgment) as the basis of the decision making is the main advantage of the proposed approach over conventional approaches for design of community scale energy systems. The methodology has been implemented for design of a district heating system for an existing district in arid region of Iran. The optimum level of interaction between the energy system components has been identified by employing an optimization algorithm seeking to minimize the overall cost of the energy system. Some of the relative merits of the optimum design comparing to the present energy system are 17% increase of the exergy efficiency, 10.8% reduction in the amount of CO2production per capita and 2% reduction in overall energy related costs.brh3 class=h3Highlights/h3► We propose a novel tool for design of integrated energy systems. ► Proposed tool has the advantage of using a physical principle (exergy matching) to define the design scenarios. ► Optimum design of district heating system was found subject to variations in energy prices and heating devices’ efficiencies. ► Contrary to energy efficiency, exergy efficiency clearly points out the design with best energetic performance. ► Exergy optimum design becomes the feasible option as the energy prices tend to rise towards the international prices.

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