Wednesday, August 23rd, 2017

Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a solar-powered transcritical CO2 (carbon dioxide) power cycle for reverse osmosis desalination based on the recovery of cryogenic energy of LNG (liquefied natural gas)

Publication date: Available online 9 January 2014
Source:Energy
Author(s): Guanghui Xia , Qingxuan Sun , Xu Cao , Jiangfeng Wang , Yizhao Yu , Laisheng Wang
A solar-powered transcritical CO 2 (carbon dioxide) power cycle for reverse osmosis desalination based on the recovery of cryogenic energy of LNG (liquefied natural gas) is proposed. The system consists of a solar collector subsystem, a transcritical CO 2 power cycle subsystem, a LNG subsystem and a RO (reverse osmosis) desalination subsystem. A thermal storage unit is introduced into the system to guarantee continuous and stable operation of the system. A mathematical model is developed to simulate the system based on several assumptions. The effects of several key thermodynamic parameters on the system performance are examined based on the performance criteria, including daily exergy efficiency, daily mechanical work output and daily fresh work output. Parametric optimization is conducted by genetic algorithm to maximize the daily fresh water output. The results show that the CO 2 turbine inlet pressure has an optimal value to reach the daily maximum exergy efficiency under the given conditions. The daily exergy efficiency could decrease with an increase in condenser temperature, and increase with an increase in mass flow rate of oil and NG turbine inlet pressure. Through parametric optimization, the system can reach the daily exergy efficiency of 4.90% and provide 2537.33 m3 fresh water per day under the given conditions.


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